How is Seed Paper Made

Despite being a fairly simple product, papermakers employ several different techniques to create seeded/plantable paper. Each particular method has its own benefits and challenges.

Handmade Seed Paper

The most traditional method of manufacturing seed paper is still the most prominent in the plantable paper industry. Handmade seed paper is created by first producing a pulp, this is achieved by adding warm water to a variety of recycled papers and mixing vigorously.  Seeds of various varieties are then added to this mix and stirred to ensure an even spread throughout the mixture.

The seeded paper mulch is then spread in a thin layer across a  screen with a wooden frame also known as a Mould & Deckle. After a quick shake to help align the fibres within the paper the sheet is left to drip dry before being removed. Next, the paper is pressed by hand, board or mechanical press to flatten and remove any excess moisture within the paper sheets.

Once this is complete, the sheets are left to dry on a flat surface to reduce imperfections in the surface of the paper and create a more even finish.

This paper will then be cut as required to make either sheets or a finished product like seed paper tags.
seed paper being produced by hand using a mould deckle
an example of some homemade mould and deckles used for plantable paper making
Image Credit: PaperSlurry


Many papermakers are producing seed paper on a micro-scale in kitchens, studies and garages all over the United Kingdom. While the process may vary slightly the principle is very similar to Handmade Seed Paper with the main difference being the method of pulping which is often completed using a kitchen blender.

If you're interested in learning how to make your own plantable seed paper at home we have a detailed guide on How To Make Seed Paper yourself.

Crafting Seed Paper

Seed paper can also be produced much like traditional paper stock in commercial paper mills. This allows seed paper to be produced on a larger scale with a much higher quality finish.

Seed paper produced in this fashion is great for printing and crafting due to it's uniform finish in both size and surface texture.
Seed Paper Gift Tags

Seed Paper Comparison Chart

Now you have a better understanding of each method of production employed by plantable papermakers, let's take a look at some of the pros and cons of each method.


Uses recycled paper
Great germination rates
Hard to print on
Sheet surface can be uneven


Can be made at home
Create your own mix of seeds
Very time consuming
Requires time and skill to perfect


Prefect for printing
High quality, consistent finish
Less sustainable
Manufacturing can reduce germination
UK Seed Paper is a trading name of Isca Brands Limited
Company Number: 13119663 | VAT Number: 393472175
© 2020-2022 Isca Brands Limited or it's affiliates
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